CHARLOTTE CAVALRY (Company B, 14th. Virginia Cavalry
Source: Loose papers foound in the Charlotte County Courthouse
Submitted By: Bea Adams King
The Charlotte Calvary left Charlotte Courthouse, Virginia, May 16th, 1861, having been called into service by the Governor of Virginia. It went by Farmville, Cumberland Courthouse and Richmond, to Ashland, Virginia, to a camp of instruction. On the 27th of May, 1861, it was mustered into service. This roll contains not only those mustered in then, but the others who were mustered in afterwards.
After drilling for some weeks, it was ordered to reinforce Genl. Garnett in West Virginia, and, with the Pittsylvania Cavalry, went to Staunton on the railroad from Ashland, and then marched to Monterey and Cheat Mountain, arriving at Laurel Hill July 6th, 1861. Genl. Garnett was forced to retreat by Gen. McClellan, who had taken Rich Mountain on his flank. Our army retreated by Carecks (?) Ford, and participated in that battle, where Garnett was killed. It went then to Moorefiled (Moorefield) in July, 1861. At Franklin, West Virginia, the company spent the Winter of 1861 and 1862. While at Franklin a new captain and second and third lieutenants were elected, the first having resigned. It guarded the right flank of our army in that section and were in several skirmishes. The service of the men and non-commissioned officers were arduous, indeed, owing to the severity of the cold in that mountainous country. In 1862 it served in Maj. George Jackson's squadron under Gnl. R.E. Lee at Valley Mountain in West Virginia. From this place the company went to Churchville Augusta County, Va., In April 1862, it was re-organized, and new officers elected. From Churchville, under the command of Maj. George Jackson, this and several other cavalry companies were sent to the Kanawha Valley, W.Va., and operated there under Genl. Loring.
In 1862 the Charlotte Calvary and the Churchville and two Rockbridge companies of cavalry made a raid over the mountains in the night to Nicholas Courthouse, W.Va., and stormed a camp of Federals, captured nearly every man and officer, as many prisoners, under the Federal Lieutenant, Col. Starr, as we had men, were captured. The men and officers were brought through the mountain paths and delivered to our army. This was one of the most daring and difficult marches and captures of the whole war. The enemy was surprised just at daybreak and the entire post taken, though it was a fortified place. Part of the Winter of 1862-3 was spent near Salem, Va., where the company was put into the 14th Va. Cavalry, and became Co. B. of that regiment. James Cochran was Colonel, John A. Gibson Lieutenant Colonel and B.F. Eakle Major. This company and the Churchville Cavalry constituted the charging squadron of the regiment in Jenkin's Brigade, with myself first, and Capt. Jas. A. Wilson of the Churchville, second in command. In 1863 the 14th, with several other regiments, 16th and 17th Va. Cav., with V.A. Witcher's Batallion of Cavalry, were put under Genl. A.G. Jenkins. Jenkins (?) Brigade was in advance of Genl. R.E. Lee's army in 1863 when it invaded Pennsylvania. Our brigade had a fight at Martinsburg, Virginia, where we captured (with the aid of other troops) the town, artillery and prisoners. In June 1863, this company and the Churchville Cavalary (Cavalry) charged through Chambersburg, Pa., about nine o'clock at night, and drove away the home guard. From Chambersburg Jenkin's Brigade went to Carlile, and then were ordered again in front of Lee's Army on its way to Gettysburg. Some of our company were with General Jubal A. Early in the first day's fight at Gettysburg. We guarded prisoners till the evening of the third day, when we were sent to the rear of the Federal lines to join Gen. Jeb Stuart's command, who were fighting Gen. Grigg's cavalry. The Fourteenth was put in line of battle next to V.A. Witcher's Batallion, which was at and in Rummels Barn. The Cavalry fight of the evening of the third day at Gettysburg was one of the most desperate battles ever fought. Our regiment lost very heavily. Maj. Eakle, its only field officer, was soon disabled, and had to retire, leaving the command of the regiment to me, while a very large percent of men and officers engaged were killed or wounded.
I went to that battlefield long after the war, and aided in locating the very lines which we then occupied.
Returning from Gettysburg, several of our company were killed and wounded at Williamsport July 14th, 1863, myself among the wounded. The hard service the company saw with Lee's Army, after its return from Pennsylvania in 1863 until I recovered from the effects of my wound, I have no personal knowledge of. It participated in the great cavalry battle at Brandy Station where more cavalry were said to have been engaged than in any other battle. We served under Genl. John B. Echols, and were in the battle of Droop Mountain, not far from Lewisburg, W.Va. We spent the Winter of 1863 and 1864 in Monroe County, W.Va.
In 1864, Genl. Jenkins, having been killed, our brigade was placed under Genl. John M. McCausland. This company and the Churchville Cavalry constituted McCausland's extreme rear guard from Covington to Buchanan, while McCausland was in front of Hunter and Crook, delaying their advance on Lynchburg, Va. As a reward for the gallant conduct of this squadron in that march, a month's furlough was given it, and Lynchburg presented McCausland with a pair of spurs for saving the city. Over and over again, did the men and officers display on this long journey of 75 or 100 miles, the greatest endurance and unflinching bravery. To have been thus kept so long without relief at the post of danger, and where the most important service was to be rendered, was the best evidence of how our services were appreciated.
When we returned from this furlough to the army, we again advanced down the Valley of Virginia, in 1864, in front of Genl. Jubal A. Early in his raid on Washington City. Our regiment and some of our company were in the battle of Monocacy where Genl. Lew Wallace was routed. The cavalry was very highly commended by Genl. Early for the very gallant manner in which the enemy's flank was turned by it.
On our return from Washington, McCausland, with his brigade, and Genl. Bradley Johnson's Cavalry Brigade were sent to Chambersburg to retaliate for the burning Hunter and others had done in Virginia and the South. One squadron did not actively participate in the burning of Chambersburg, but was guarding one of the approaches when it was burnt, and constituted McCausland's rear guard when he left there.
McCausland captured Old Town , Maryland, and after making feints at Cumberland, came to Moorefield. Here the enemy surprised Genl. Johnston, and came in among his men at daybreak. While commanding the regiment I ordered our squadron to charge the enemy. It did so in the most splendid style, and stopped the enemy at that point. It lost heavily, in killed, wounded and captured. It was among the captured, and remained in Camp Chase, Ohio, till the Spring of 1865, I came back to our regiment, then near Five Forks, to Beal's Brigade, Army Northern Virginia. I was put in command of our regiment in the absence of field officers. From Five Forks to Appomattox we were hard pressed, with little food and rest. All the way we were attacked on every side. Our ranks were thinned by sickness, fatigue, hunger, wounds, deaths, broken down horses, and captured, until we had not a hundred men and officers in our regiment on the morning of the 9th of April, 1865. Still, not withstanding all this, and the general impression that our cause was lost, Genl. W.H.F. Lee ordered our regiment, just after day on the 9th of April, 1865, to charge and take a battery then in our front. This it did in splendid style, capturing it and a number of prisoners. The regiment lost in killed and wounded, in a few minutes, twenty percent of its number. Its color bearer was killed in the charge while planting his flag on the enemy's artillery. This is said to be the last charge ever made, and this the last man killed in a battle in the Army of Northern Virginia.
It gives me the greatest pleasure to testify to the gallantry of the men and officers of our old company in many hard fought battles.
Even when hope was gone, and all looked dark, they were willing to do their duty as soldiers, and lead in one of the most desperate charges ever made, with such spirit as to overcome every obstacle. Our regiment was recalled from that part of the field by Gen. W.H.F. Lee, soon after the charge, and told that Genl. Lee had surrendered, that we might make our way out or surrender. Those of us who were left made our way out, but many surrendered with Genl. Lee. Those of the Charlotte Cavalry who were not paroled then, received honorable paroles with the rest of Lee's Army in a few days after his surrender.
This short and imperfect sketch, I hope, will enable those who were not in our command to trace us in the general histories, of brigades, divisions and corps. I could have expected no more in so small a space. The dates and localities of the killed and wounded, tell the battles the company was in. From Valley Mountain to Appomattox Courthouse it followed our great commander; and even when all hope was gone, when reduced to but a handful by killed, captured, wounded, fatigue, and hunger on the retreat, they still fought with that same gallantry in the last organized charge made by the army of Northern Virginia at Appomattox Court House, that distinguished it at Gettysburg, the greatest battle ever fought.
Such courage was born of the conviction that we were fighting for the right, and I ask to be excused for adding a few words to impress our descendants to read the history of the time for themselves, and to study the forms of our Government as it existed then.
While we submitted to the result of war, there is nothing, before or since, to show that we were wrong. The very states which waged war against the South, have been since most tenacious to maintain State Rights, for which we fought, and the first to resist interference on the part of the Federal Government. I hope it will ever be so, and the children of the Northern and Southern soldiers alike will live and die to maintain State Rights, or home government. If they do not, the liberty of this country will be gone. No free government can ever exist on any other basis.
Though the South did not achieve her independence, this principle of state rights is her only hope. Though millions of dollars of private property were taken from her without law, and for which she has never received a dollar, still, the very principle of state rights, which recognizes that property, but which was disregarded by Mr. Lincoln, and his party, is the same, that we, of the South and those of the North must alike rely on, to give us home government and liberty. I hope, then that none of our descendants will ever think that we were fighting in the wrong. Let them study the United States Constitution, the decisions of the Supreme Court, and the great expounders of that constitution, and they will see that we were right.
The members of our company, and their descendants, have gone North and South, East and West, in this country, and some have followed the Western Sun half around the globe, but I hope they will never go where they will not be able to maintain that we fought in the right. There is no fear that they will ever go where our valor is not recognized, for those who were our enemies now proclaim it from the housetops, and it is spoken of around the world. But, is there not danger that some of them will not study this question, and too easily conclude we were wrong, because we were not victorious?
Let none think either, that because in the providence of God we were not allowed to establish our independence, that, therefore, we were wrong in trying to maintain our cause. If that were so, all failures to defend our acknowledged rights would prove we had none. Let us impress upon our descendants their duty to carefully and impartially study these questions. From their study they must learn the facts for themselves. All of us who were actors, will soon be gone. More than half of us have already crossed the river. The rest of us have long since passed the meridian of life.
To name the officers and men, who acted with bravery in the various battles, would be impossible, and, therefore, none have been named.
If your Honor please, I do not think the time will ever come when the people of this, or any other country, will fail to honor the memory of this gallant band.
formerly of Charlotte Cavalry
MUSTER ROLL OF CHARLOTTE CALVARY
hereby given that E.E. Bouldin, N.E. Flournoy, F.B. Watkins, James A. Gaines,
James C. Thompson, David Rice and H.E. Barksdale, soldiers who served in
defense of Virginia in the war between the States of 1861-1865, have filed a
petition in the County Court of Charlotte County praying that the Muster Roll
of the Charlotte Cavalry (company B, 14th Virginia Cavalry) may be recorded
among the Records of said County; and that said petition will be heard by the
said Court on the first day of the May Term, 1899, which Muster Roll is hereto
J.C. CARRINGTON, C.
April 1, 1899
ROLL of the Charlotte Calvary. It served first in Major George Jackson's Squadron of Cavalry, C.S.A.; then it was made Co. B. in the 14th Va. Cavalry, C.S.A. under Gen. A.G. Jenkes, next under Gen. John McCausland, and last under Gen. Beal, in the army of Northern Virginia:
Paul V - 2nd Sergeant
Barksdale, Claiborne G - 1st Lieutenant
Barksdale, Henry E
Bouldin, Robert C
Bouldin, Breckenridge C - 2nd Lieut. and Adj. 14 Va. Cav. Killed at Brandy Station.
Bouldin, E E - 1st Lieu., then Captain from April 1862 until May 1865. Wounded at Williamsport July 14th, 1863.
Bouldin, Thomas T. Jr
Bouldin, John E
Burns, Andrew - Died in prison at Point Lookout. From Monroe County, W.Va.
Bailey, L P Dr.
Booker, John - From Prince Edward County.
Bouldin, W O
Carrington, Robert G
Caperton, Allen G - Wounded at Stevenson's Depot. From Monroe County, W.Va.
Chappell, Henry C - Sergeant. Wounded at Gettysburg, on July 30, 1863.
Clarkson, R A
Chick, Henry - Killed in the service 1861 N.W. Va.
Cronin, Robert W
Chappell, Wash B - Wounded at Gettsyburg in July 1863.
Crews, James R - Wounded in Rockbridge Co. in 1864
Carrington, Edgar W - Killed in service.
Dennis, Rice - From Halifax County, Va. Wounded in head at Winchester.
Dennis, Thomas H
Daniel, Joel W - 1st Lieut. until Nov., 1861.
Dickerson, Henry B (D?) - 3rd Sergeant; wounded.
Dice, David - Wounded near Strausburg.
Dunlap, Samuel A
Dennis, Winslow R
Dice, Henry - From Rockbridge Co., Va. Wounded in 1864.
Elliott, Allen W
Eggleston, George M
Fuqua, William M
Friend, William G
Friend, Robert M - Wounded.
Flournoy, Nicholas E
Ford, Luther R - Corporal
Ford, Abner S - Wounded at Lynchburg in 1863.
Ford, John R
Ford, J B
Flournoy, David Dr - Captain from November 1861 to April 1862.
Gaines, William R - 1st Lieut. Wounded at Moorefield 1864.
Gaines, Robert L
Gaines, R H - Sergeant and Sergeant Major 14 Va. Cav.
Gaines, James A
Gaines, Samuel M - Lieut. Wounded N.M. Va. Feb. 1862.
Garden, James M
Hopkins, Louis Christman - Rockbridge County, Va.
Hopkins, John James - Pendleton County, W.Va.
Hannah, George B - Lieut. and aid to Genls. Jenkins and McCausland.
Hannah, Andrew - Killed at Williamsport July 14, 1863.
Hannah, Samuel B
Hamlett, John C - Sergeant and 3rd Lieut.
Hodge, William H
Harvey, E C
Hutcherson, Robert F
Henry, E Winston
Hundley, Charley - Wounded in the head at Cedarville.
Johnson, John S - From Greenbrier County, W.Va.
Kent, Clarence Polk - From Wytheville, Va. Wounded in 1865.
Kent, Edwin Dallas - From Wytheville, Va. Wounded in 1865.
Lewis, Granville R Dr
Lewis, William B
Lawson, George W
Lacy, Horace P Dr
Morton, Clement R - 3rd Lieutenant
Morton, Henry O - Corporal
Moore, Thomas J - First Sergeant
Morgan, L Dennis - First Sergeant
Marshall, Hunter H Jr. - Killed at Amelia C.H. 1865.
Morris, Macon C - Wounded at Appomattox C.H., April 1865.
Marshall, John P - Died from effects of cannon shot.
Marshall, Joel W - Lieutenant and Adj. of 14th Va. Cav.
Marshall, Ben W
Marshall, Joel F
Morton, David H
McCargo, Samuel - Killed at Gettysburg July 3, 1863.
Moseley, J B
Morton, John J
Morton, J P
Morton, John A
Noell, Charles P - Wounded in Valley of Virginia 1864. From Pittsylvania County, Va.
Nichol, Charles - From Monroe County, W.Va.
Pettus, John H
Price, Samuel - Wounded near Lexington, Va. in 1864.
Read, George W
Roberts, George H - 3rd Lieutenant until Nov. 1861.
Randall, Alex - From West Virginia.
Rice, Henry C
Roberts, John - Died from wound received at Gettysburg July 3, 1863.
Read, Thomas N
Spencer, Charles B
Spencer, thomas C
Spencer, James B
Spragins, Norman B - Wounded in Rockbridge County, Va., 1864.
Smith, John M - 4th Sergeant
Sheperson, David - 3rd Lieutenant. Killed at Williamsport July 14, 1863.
Sheperson, Joel A
Smith, John G - Captain from April 1861 to November 1861.
Spencer, Williams S
Swicher, Daniel - Rockbridge County.
Saunders, ? ?
Scott, Thomas A
Scott, J M - Died at Monterey, Va., in service in 1861.
Thornton, W D
Thompkins, C C - From Kanawha County, W.Va.
Thompson, James C
Watkins, Charles W
Watkins, Henry A - Killed at Bunker Hill, 1864.
Watkins, Frank B
Williams, W B
Wood, Robert W
Walker, William A
Walker, ? ?
Watkins, N (W?) L
Walker, Alexander S - From Augusta County, wounded near Brownsburg, Rockbridge County, Va.
Wilson, James H
Watkins, Henry N
Wills, William B
Watkins, W B
Woods, William H - Wounded at Williamsport July 1863.
West, Addison - From Halifax County, Va.